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You should draw the outline on the wood with their realdimensions. To do this we use the pencil (hardness 2H or 3H) ora steel tip (nail), a linear rule (folding rule), a square rule for straight angles, a false rule for obtuse and acute angles and compass for curves…. If we draw parallel lines use the gage. Remember that to draw circles whose dimensions exceed the maximum aperture of a compass; you can use a nail, some thread and a pencil. If we have to draw a certain number ofidentical silhouettes (corners, edges …) we do prove morecomfortable using templates (eg hardboard).

Holding, supporting or holding the work piece during work

The essential clamping element is a workbench. It must beconstructed so that does not protrude from the nothing that could dent the metal tool, other accessories are not fixed.

Stood in natural attitude, wrist pointe us the right height of the bank, and elbow correspond to the height at which the metallictwang of fixing parts should be. The board or panel forming thesurface is usually ash, elm, beech or poplar. The legs and beamsare made of oak and very robust. The feet are connected together by four cross-pieces, with mortise and tenon assembly.

Sawing or cutting wood

The operation of splitting wood, divide and sawing is one ofthose that require more skill. We will have the wood stronglyattached to the workbench. The most important part of the sawblade is made ​​of hardened steel, which in one of its edges has a number of more or less tight little teeth and inclined. The teeth are triangular in shape and are aligned as small chisels. However, they are inclined to the blade alternately left and right(side-set) to reduce friction and best sliding without heating by wood, making a wide enough to easily move around her slit.

Standards practices to keep in mind when sawing are when you start cutting you should support the left hand (assuming you are right-handed) over the end of the wood and lift thethumb so that it touch with the saw while it is aligned with the path (thus ensuring that the cut is made in the proper position).

Safety standards or to take precautions in the use of saws are basically warning chip that is produced from the cut (eye care) and always use the right tool for the type of work you want to perform, taking into account the materialand effort to implement, is not the same sawing thick logs table that a multi-ply plywood.


If the parts we have cut do not have flat and smooth surfaces, we will need hand brush. There are different types: There are those who have the wooden body and other parts of steel, and others that are completely metal. The classic brush consists of a block of hard wood with a hole in the port call center, where thesteel cutting blade held by a backiron that prevents vibrate and helps remove chips, and both are blocked by a wedge.Depending on the inclination of the blade chips are more or lessthick.

The blade must protrude from the mouth of the port one or two tenths of a millimeter when it comes to hardwoods, and two or three when the woods brushed is soft.

Sharpen / Scrape

When you need rough wood surfaces and prepare it forstraightening as well as reduce rounded points, concave orconvex, chamfered corners and jagged edges and chipped (alsoto remove scratches that may have occurred during the cut with the saw), use of the rasp is made.

With limes is obtained a more complete and perfect smoothing.The abrasive surface of the limes is like the skin of a fish, even though they are made ​​with the same principle as rasps, the abrasive part is obtained with two series of ribs crossed forming a variable number of teeth.


The final finish has to be done with sandpaper. It is performed in separate parts before assembly or installation to finish, depending on the operations to be carried out to perform. Anyway, it is always advisable to sand the edges of the piecesseparately before assembly. Then, after finishing the work, the rest of the surfaces sanded.

Sandpaper is a very sturdy blade that has a few tiny fragmentsof glass glued on one side; its effect is similar to the teeth of a lime. Also grain sandpaper can have different thicknesses, from the most coarse to those who are very thin.


If you want after sanding polish the surface, the blade is used.Its blade is thin and sharp (steel), with cutting edge, which leaves the surface of the piece fully polished after the moment several times in the direction of the fibers. Polishing is carried out whenthe object has reached its maximum stability (after assembly and drying of the glue) by a crankpin. This is made with a cotton pad or tow wrapped in two pieces of thread to remove any loosehairs or tufts. The interior cloth is thicker frame while theoutside is finer.

Paint or stain

The paintings are treated liquid substances, surface application, usually colored, forming a layer or film on the part that applies. These substances consist of a solid pigment, finely powdered, which is soluble in the binder or liquid carrier, whose mission is to provide consistency and facilitate drying of the paint, forming a mixture can be matte or glossy as needed and features which is liable coated wood.

We consider painting as the last treatment made to a piece, therefore, must exercise extreme care and precautionsfor the perfect finish.


Varnishes are, more or less thick liquid, which extend over woodfor a clear, colorless, glossy surface or matte tone, as the varnish. For a varnish acted properly on the wood must dry quickly, give a permanent brilliance, join the woodysurface well, not fade for a long time and not lose flexibility, but the surface is exposed to the weather. Varnishesconsist of resins, gums or waxes, drying oils or dissolved in volatile solvents and dyes when they correspond.


Shaping techniques of wood are those that aim to prepare and shape the different pieces that are made of wood. The woodwork is a widely comforting activity for the human spirit; people who are capable of making wood crafts are amply satisfied with themselves. Learn with us the main techniques for woodworking and discover the materials needed.

The wood can be worked for multiple forms, but this requires the application of procedures that increased efficiency in the production process of the wood. The woodworking requires the application of various techniques, which achieve to obtain a wide variety of ways that allow us to get toys and furniture, among other products.

As we know there are hard and soft woods, which does not mean that some are easier than others to be carved. There are hardwoods that are very easy to be work with and other soft that are widely complicated to apply any techniques. Hardness is defined by the degree of porosity that has the fiber and that way you can realize whether a timber is hard as it is very compact and soft when the fiber is porous.

Generally we are forced to hire the services of a specialized technician for the maintenance of household items, which like all things break down with use. But some of those repairs could make them ourselves without too much work using a few tricks yourself.

Wood is a noble material, which can bring its services for many years with proper care. The most common wood damage are the scratches, burns, shock, woodworm, ungluing, wear, etc.., Which can be repaired with proper maintenance. Mainly, for any woodworking projects the processes to be performed are the following in the orderlisted

  1. Designing and drawing on the wooden working model that has been thought.
  2. Cut the pieces with the shapes and sizes required.
  3. Done in these parts the necessary holes and mortises.
  4. Assemble the pieces and join them together according to plan.
  5. Give the finished surfaces of the constructed object.

So different woodwork techniques or procedures for shaping wooden parts can be divided according to the following classification:

  • Mark or record the measurements
  • Trace
  • Holding, supporting or holding the work piece during work
  • Sawing or cutting wood
  • Brushing
  • Sharpen / scrape
  • Sanding
  • Polish
  • Paint or stain
  • varnish

Mark or record the measurements

It will be included in this phase the DESIGN. This is by no means an occurrence, it is essential to outline the work to be executedin a sketch. This serves as the indispensable guide for the duration of the entire building process, and of course thedrawing is limited, getting used to give all measurements in millimeters. It is very practical to do sketches on graph paper (5 x 5 mm) and that allows making scale drawings very easily.

Next would is the annotation of the measures. For this in necessary a linear measuring instrument and anotherangle measuring instrument (if applicable) and a pencil. For this last use an accuracy transporter or goniometer.

For each case you have to choose the most suitable wood depending on the object to be made. It is going to calculate how much wood will be needed, avoiding possible waste (Take into account the material needed for the development of each piece).